Copies of these articles may be found via Google Scholar, ResearchGate, or my website. You can view publications organized by category on my website.

Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

Fox, J., & Tokunaga, R. S. (in press). Romantic partner monitoring after breakups: Attachment, dependence, distress, and post-dissolution surveillance on social networking sites. CyberPsychology, Behavior, & Social Networking.

Song, W., & Fox, J. (in press). Playing for love in a romantic video game: Avatar identification, parasocial interaction, and motivations for use predict Chinese women’s romantic beliefs. Mass Communication & Society. doi: 10.1080/15205436.2015.1077972

Hanus, M. D., & Fox, J. (in press). Persuasive avatars: The effects of customizing a virtual salesperson’s appearance on brand liking and purchase intentions. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhcs.2015.07.004

Nowak, K. L., Fox, J., & Ranjit, Y. (in press). Inferences about avatars: Sexism, appropriateness, anthropomorphism, and the objectification of female virtual representations. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. doi: 10.1111/jcc4.12130

Fox, J., & Potocki, B. (in press). Lifetime video game consumption, interpersonal aggression, hostile sexism, and rape myth acceptance: A cultivation perspective. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Ahn, S. J., Fox, J., Dale, K. R., & Avant, J. A. (in press). Framing virtual experiences: Effects on environmental efficacy and behavior over time. Communication Research. doi: 10.1177/0093650214534973

Fox, J., Cruz, C., & Lee, J. Y. (2015). Perpetuating online sexism offline: Anonymity, interactivity, and the effects of sexist hashtags on social media. Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 436-442. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.06.024

Fox, J., Ralston, R. A., Cooper, C. K., & Jones, K. A. (2015). Sexualized avatars lead to women’s self-objectification and acceptance of rape myths. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 39, 349-362. doi: 10.1177/0361684314553578

Fox, J., & Warber, K. M. (2015). Queer identity management and political self-expression on social networking sites: A co-cultural approach to the spiral of silence. Journal of Communication, 65, 79-100. doi: 10.1111/jcom.12137

Fox, J., Ahn, S. J., Janssen, J. H., Yeykelis, L., Segovia, K. Y., & Bailenson, J. N. (2015). Avatars versus agents: A meta-analysis quantifying the effects of agency on social influence. Human-Computer Interaction, 30, 401-432. doi: 10.1080/07370024.2014.921494

Fox, J., & Rooney, M. C. (2015). The Dark Triad and trait self-objectification as predictors of men’s use and self-presentation behaviors on social networking sites. Personality & Individual Differences, 76, 161-165. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.017

Fox, J., & Moreland, J. J. (2015). The dark side of social networking sites: An exploration of the relational and psychological stressors associated with Facebook use and affordances. Computers in Human Behavior, 45, 168-176. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.11.083


Hanus, M. D., & Fox, J. (2015). Assessing the effects of gamification in the classroom: A longitudinal study on intrinsic motivation, social comparison, satisfaction, effort, and academic performance. Computers & Education, 80, 152-161. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2014.08.019


Fox, J., & Anderegg, C. (2014). Romantic relationship stages and social networking sites: Uncertainty reduction strategies and perceived relational norms on Facebook. CyberPsychology, Behavior, & Social Networking, 17, 685-691. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2014.0232


Anderegg, C., Dale, K. R., & Fox, J. (2014). Media portrayals of romantic relationship maintenance: A content analysis of relational maintenance behaviors on prime time television. Mass Communication & Society, 17, 733-753. doi: 10.1080/15205436.2013.846383


Fox, J., & Ahn, S. J. (2014). Recommendations for designing maximally effective and persuasive health agents. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 8637, 178-181. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-09767-1_21


Ahn, S. J., Fox, J., & Hahm, J. M. (2014). Using virtual doppelgangers to increase personal relevance of health risk communication. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 8637, 1-12. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-09767-1_1


Christy, K. R., & Fox, J. (2014). Leaderboards in a virtual classroom: A test of stereotype threat and social comparison explanations for women’s math performance. Computers & Education, 78, 66-77. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2014.05.005


Holz Ivory, A., Fox, J., Waddell, T. F., & Ivory, J. D. (2014). Sex-role stereotyping is hard to kill: A field experiment measuring social responses to user characteristics and behavior in an online multiplayer first-person shooter game. Computers in Human Behavior, 35, 148-156. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.02.026


Fox, J., & Tang, W. Y. (2014). Sexism in online video games: The role of conformity to masculine norms and social dominance orientation. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 314-320. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.07.014


Vang, M. H., & Fox, J. (2014). Race in virtual environments: Competitive versus cooperative games with black or white avatars. CyberPsychology, Behavior, & Social Networking, 17, 235-240. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2013.0289


Fox, J., & Warber, K. M. (2014). Social networking sites in romantic relationships: Attachment, uncertainty, and partner surveillance on Facebook. CyberPsychology, Behavior, & Social Networking, 17, 3-7. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2012.0667


Fox, J., Warber, K. M., & Makstaller, D. C. (2013). The role of Facebook in romantic relationship development: An exploration of Knapp’s relational stage model. Journal of Social & Personal Relationships, 30, 772-795. doi:10.1177/0265407512468370


Fox, J., & Warber, K. M. (2013). Romantic relationship development in the age of Facebook: An exploratory study of emerging adults’ perceptions, motives, and behaviors. CyberPsychology, Behavior, & Social Networking, 16, 3-7. doi:10.1089/cyber.2012.0288


Fox, J., Bailenson, J. N., & Tricase, L. (2013). The embodiment of sexualized virtual selves: The Proteus effect and experiences of self-objectification via avatars. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 930-938. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.12.027

Fox, J., Bailenson, J. N., & Ricciardi, T. (2012). Physiological responses to virtual selves and virtual others. Journal of CyberTherapy & Rehabilitation, 5(1), 69-73.

Hershfield, H. E., Goldstein, D. G., Sharpe, W. F., Fox, J., Yeykelis, L., Carstensen, L. L., & Bailenson, J. N. (2011). Increasing saving behavior through age-progressed renderings of the future self. Journal of Marketing Research, 48, S23-S37. doi: 10.1509/jmkr.48.SPL.S23


Fox, J., & Bailenson, J. N. (2009). Virtual self-modeling: The effects of vicarious reinforcement and identification on exercise behaviors. Media Psychology, 12, 1-25. doi: 10.1080/15213260802669474


Fox, J., & Bailenson, J. N. (2009). Virtual virgins and vamps: The effects of exposure to female characters’ sexualized appearance and gaze in an immersive virtual environment. Sex Roles, 61, 147-157. doi: 10.1007/s11199-009-9599-3


Fox, J., Bailenson, J. N., & Binney, J. (2009). Virtual experiences, physical behaviors: The effect of presence on imitation of an eating avatar. PRESENCE: Teleoperators & Virtual Environments, 18, 294-303. doi:10.1162/pres.18.4.294


Invited Journal Publications

Fox, J., Osborn, J. L., & Warber, K. M. (2014). Relational dialectics and social networking sites: The role of Facebook in romantic relationship escalation, maintenance, conflict, and dissolution. Computers in Human Behavior, 35, 527-534. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.02.031


Fox, J., & Bailenson, J. N. (2010). The use of doppelgängers to promote health and behavior change. Cybertherapy & Rehabilitation,3(2), 16-17.


Fox, J., Arena, D., & Bailenson, J. N. (2009). Virtual reality: A survival guide for the social scientist. Journal of Media Psychology, 21(3), 95-113. doi: 10.1027/1864-1105.21.3.95


Book Contributions

Ahn, S. J., & Fox, J. (accepted). Persuasive avatars: Extending the self through new media advertising. In Brown, R. E., Jones, V. K., & Wang, M. (Eds.), The new advertising: Branding, content, and consumer relationships in the data-driven social media era. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.


Fox, J. (in press). Models of relationship development. In C. Berger & M. Roloff (Eds.), International encyclopedia of interpersonal communication. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.


Fox, J. (in press). The dark side of social networking sites in romantic relationships. In B. K. Wiederhold, G. Riva, & P. Cipresso (Eds.), The psychology of social networking: Communication, presence, identity, and relationships in online communities. Berlin, Germany: DeGruyter Open.

Fox, J., Christy, K. R., & Vang, M. H. (2014). The experience of presence in persuasive virtual environments. In G. Riva, J. Waterworth, & D. Murray (Eds.), Interacting with presence: HCI and the sense of presence in computer-mediated environments (pp. 164-178). Berlin, Germany: DeGruyter Open. doi: 10.2478/9783110409697.11

Fox, J., & Potocki, B. (2014). Technology and culture: Sociocultural explanations for sexting. In T. C. Heistand & W. J. Weins (Eds.), Sexting and youth: A multidisciplinary examination of research, theory, and law (pp. 95-122). Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.


Fox, J. (2014). Virtual reality environments. In T. L. Thompson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of health communication (pp. 1451-1452). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Fox, J., & Ahn, S. J. (2013). Avatars: Portraying, exploring, and changing online and offline identities. In R. Luppicini (Ed.), Handbook of research on technoself: Identity in a technological society (pp. 255-271). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2211-1.ch014

Fox, J. (2012). Avatar. In M. Kosut & J. G. Golson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of gender in media. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Fox, J. (2012). Avatars in health communication contexts. In S. M. Noar & N. G. Harrington (Eds.), eHealth applications: Promising strategies for behavior change (pp. 96-109). New York: Routledge.


Ahn, S. J., Fox, J., & Bailenson, J. N. (2011). Avatars. In W. S. Bainbridge (Ed.), Leadership in science and technology: A reference handbook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Ahn, S. J., Bailenson, J. N., Fox, J., & Jabon, M. (2010). Using automated facial expression analysis for emotion and behavior prediction. In K. Doeveling, C. von Scheve, & E. A. Konijn (Eds.), The handbook of emotions and the mass media (pp. 349-369). New York: Routledge.


Bailenson, J. N., & Fox, J. (2008). Cognitive science. In W. Donsbach (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of communication (Vol. 2, pp. 548-551). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.